Force and Vibration Correlation Analysis in The Self-adjusting File During Root Canal Shaping: An In-vitro Study

A. Nayak, P.K. Kankar, N. Jain

Journal of Dental Sciences 2018 [Epub ahead of publication]


BACKGROUND / PURPOSE: The focus of this study was to find a correlation between the forces and vibrations during root canal shaping. This can be used to predict the fracture of the self-adjusting file (SAF) in root canal shaping.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty J-shaped resin blocks were used in this study. Simulated root canals of resin blocks were prepared with the SAF. Force and vibration during root canal shaping were measured by dynamometer and accelerometer respectively. The recorded time domain signal of force and vibration were transformed to frequency domain signals. Frequency domain signals had been used for correlation study between force and vibration amplitude. The root mean square (RMS) value of force and vibration signature for new file and file just before failure were statistically compared using t-test at 95% confidence interval (CI).

RESULTS: Vibrations generated during root canal shaping exhibited positive linear correlation (r = 0.9173) with force exerted by the SAF on the root canal. It means vibration has strong correlation with force. The RMS values of force and vibration increase significantly (P < 0.05) just before the fracture.

CONCLUSION: From force and vibration analysis of SAF it was concluded that the vibration is well associated with force applied by the SAF on root canal. Therefore, the trend of force variation was reflected in the vibration signature. The sudden increment in vibration was the symptom of bulge formation and the end of useful life of the SAF.


The full article is available on the website of the Journal of Dental Sciences.

Nayak Force Vibration SAF JDS 2018 


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