Evaluation of The Incidence of Microcracks Caused by Mtwo and ProTaper Next Rotary File Systems Versus The Self-adjusting File: A Scanning Electron Microscopic Study

S.G. Saha, N. Vijaywargiya, D. Saxena, M.K. Saha, A. Bharadwaj, S. Dubey

Journal of Conservative Dentistry. 2017; 20:355-9


INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the incidence of microcrack formation canal preparation with two rotary nickel–titanium systems Mtwo and ProTaper Next along with the self-adjusting file system.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty mandibular premolar teeth were selected. Standardized access cavities were prepared and the canals were manually prepared up to size 20 after coronal preflaring. The teeth were divided into three experimental groups and one control group (n = 30). Group 1: The canals were prepared using Mtwo rotary files. Group 2: The canals were prepared with ProTaper Next files. Group 3: The canals were prepared with self-adjusting files. Group 4: The canals were unprepared and used as a control. The roots were sectioned horizontally 3, 6, and 9 mm from the apex and examined under a scanning electron microscope to check for the presence of microcracks. The Pearson's Chi-square test was applied.

RESULTS: The highest incidence of microcracks were associated with the ProTaper Next group, 80% (P = 0.00), followed by the Mtwo group, 70% (P = 0.000), and the least number of microcracks was noted in the self-adjusting file group, 10% (P = 0.068). No significant difference was found between the ProTaper Next and Mtwo groups (P = 0.368) while a significant difference was observed between the ProTaper Next and self-adjusting file groups (P = 0.000) as well as the Mtwo and self-adjusting file groups (P = 0.000).

CONCLUSION: All nickel–titanium rotary instrument systems were associated with microcracks. However, the self-adjusting file system had significantly fewer microcracks when compared with the Mtwo and ProTaper Next.


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