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Influence of Apical Enlargement and Complementary Canal Preparation with the Self-Adjusting File on Endotoxin Reduction in Retreatment Cases

E.J.N.L. Silva, V.M. Ferreira, C.C. Silva, D.R. Herrera, G. De-Deus, B.P. Gomes 

International Endodontic Journal. 2017. 50(7):646-651.


AIM: To compare the effectiveness of large apical preparations and complementary canal preparation with the Self Adjusting File (SAF) in removing endotoxins from the root canal of teeth with apical periodontitis.

METHODOLOGY: Ten single-rooted and single-canaled teeth with post-treatment apical periodontitis were selected. Endotoxin samples were taken after the removal of the root filling (S1), after chemomechanical preparation (CMP) using 2.5% NaOCl and an R25 file (S2), after CMP using 2.5% NaOCl and an R40 file (S3), and after complementary CMP using the SAF system (S4). Limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) was used to measure endotoxin levels. The Friedman and Wilcoxon tests were used to compare endotoxin levels at each clinical intervention (P < .05).

RESULTS: After root filling removal, endotoxin was detected in 100% of the root canals (S1, 4.84 EU/mL). CMP with the R25 file was able to significantly reduce endotoxin levels (P <.05). Increased levels of endotoxin removal were achieved by apical preparation with the R40 file (P < .05). Complementary CMP with SAF did not significantly reduce endotoxin levels (P > .05) following the use of the R40 instrument.

CONCLUSION: Apical enlargement protocols were effective in significantly reducing endotoxin levels. Complementary preparation with the SAF system failed to eliminate residual endotoxin contents beyond those obtained with the R40 instrument.


View abstract on PubMed. PMID: 27400743
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